Self Driving Car: Tesla

Where are self driving cars. Why Elon Musk keeps failing on his promise of complete self driving Cars?

Self driving cars are the hot new thing and every major tech company as well as automobile company is working on their iteration of this not so new concept. These companies knows that there is a huge amount of interest in self driving cars. Many people feel the job of driving is a very tedious and tiresome one. Using an AI computer to drive the system takes kills the need for a human to be occupied in a non-productive job of driving. It allows the rider to rather focus on other important tasks or simply relax while the car takes you to the required location.

In 2015, Elon Musk, the billionaire Tesla CEO claimed: By 2018, Tesla’s cars would have achieved “full autonomy,” or “Full Self-Driving” in Tesla jargon. Musk has made multiple claims since. Musk also announced a Robo-Taxi program where Tesla cars would serve as autonomous taxies which would function without any drivers. Tesla and Elon have failed to deliver on that promise repeatedly. While Tesla seems to be closest to achieving a completely autonomous system. 

roberto nickson Ddjl0Cicdr4 unsplash edited Self Driving

Even tech companies like Apple and Google have been working on building autonomous cars. Since 2014 Apple is working on Project Titan. The very mysterious project is basically Apple trying to build a complete vehicle with a full self driving technology at its core. Google has a subsidiary it calls Waymo working on developing the core technologies that allow autonomous cars. 

Yet the biggest companies with the deepest pockets and the brightest brains are still not able to build a flawless, full self driving automobile. The problem with these systems is not about lack of sufficient data for a machine learning model to learn from. Automobile companies, Tesla in particular have been collecting the driving data from hundreds of thousands of cars all over the world. They have the required raw data to train the AI. 

The problem is not lac of sufficient hardware resource in an individual car, the processors that drive these cars are definitely more than powerful to enable full self driving. Autonomous cars do not need a huge memory as the decision taken by the AI system does not depend on what the vehicle had in the memory 5 minuets ago. The computer driving the vehicle needs the data of surrounding at the given moment. Pedestrians, wild life, and other vehicles come and go within matter of seconds and once they have passed that data is no longer needed in the memory. 

With no major hardware issue in the way we are much closer to full self driving cars that ever, but still a human intervention is needed every now and then. We have successfully achieved what is called level 3 autonomy but the jump to a level 5 autonomy is years away. 

Here are the levels of autonomy for self driving cars.

  1. No automation : The car does not have an AI system assisting the driver in any kind. The car may have a constant speed cruise control at most.
  2. Driver assistance: The car has adaptive cruise control or lane-keeping technology which makes the car cruise through the specified lane but the driver still needs to do most of the driving.
  3. Partial automation : The car can keep a safe distance and follow the route, but the driver must be ready to take control whenever necessary.
  4. Conditional automation : The car can drive by itself in some situations. Although a driver is rarely required, he or she must be ready to respond at all times. Teslas currently posses a level 3 autonomy where they can drive all by themselves but a driver is still needed behind the wheel.
  5. High automation : When travelling on a controlled route, a driver is not required. The driver may choose to snooze in the back. A driver is still required on other roads. 
  6. Full automation : There is no need for a driver in a car. It’s possible that the car won’t even have steering wheels or pedals. The driver can go back and rest because the automobile has everything under control.

Autonomous driving has faced plenty of criticism due to various minor as well as major accidents that have occurred with vehicles with this current gen technology. For most of them it was a human error that caused the accident and not the AI. But there have been cases where the AI failed to detect the obstacle and caused a mishap. 

The problem with todays level of autonomy is that a human is required behind the wheel, ready to take over whenever needed. For most of the part humans start relying too much on the AI and loose attention. Humans are pretty bad at being alert after spending hours just looking at the road not doing anything. 

To go beyond the level of autonomy we have already achieved, we might need to compromise and create controlled routes (To achieve a level 4 autonomy) or build AI systems much more flexible and advanced than what we already have. 


Facebook is now Meta: New vision, new goals and a new name.

On Thursday, October 28th Facebook Inc’s CEO Mark Zuckerberg announced Meta which will be the parent company to Facebook, Instagram, WhatsApp, Oculus and other brands which were previously under the brand Facebook Inc. 

Meta Platforms Inc or Meta is the company’s way of saying it is no longer just a social media company but a company that is innovating in ways people communicate,  a company that is focused on building a metaverse. 

Meta Work

Also Read|The Facebook rebranding, what it really means for the company moving forward.

It is to be noted that the blue Facebook app is not the one to be renamed but Facebook Inc the company is now Meta Platforms inc. 

This vision of metaverse of the visionary company is about building a hybrid between the internet and real world, rather than just the 2D screens Internet will be built to expand in 3D in the real world using AR and VR technologies. This idea has no limits with how creative people can get considering technologically feasible. 

At the Connect 2021, the social technology company announced it will be investing a total of $150 million into training the next generation of creators to work with the AR, VR and the Metaverse. 

This new vision and new efforts are gaining to be implemented without changing any parts of the corporate structure of Facebook Inc. However the company will be reporting its financials on two separate operating segments: Family of Apps and Reality Labs. 

The company also announced that starting December 1 complementing the new name the stock ticker will be changed from FB to MVRS. 

The company had already began working on various lines of hardware to build the technologies required to build the metaverse. Through the likes of Oculus the company already has multiple VR headsets out in the public and also launching the Ray-Ban Stories glasses and a line of portable video-calling devices. 

Meta Gaming

“Our hope is that within the next decade, the metaverse will reach a billion people, host hundreds of billions of dollars of digital commerce, and support jobs for millions of creators and developers,” Zuckerberg wrote in a letter. 

Mark Zuckerberg and Facebook have made the move to tell the world augmented reality and virtual reality will be a key part in the business of the company moving forward with the new name.

Also Read| MacOS Monterey is live: Find out what’s new and is your Mac eligible for the upgrade.

macOS Monterey-title

MacOS Monterey is live: Find out what’s new and is your Mac eligible for the upgrade.

Unveiled at the World Wide Developer’s Conference, Apple’s macOS Monterey the latest version of the beautifully built operating system for the company’s laptops and desktops is rolling out for supported Mac devices. The new system brings around several changes and also drops support for a few of the older devices. Although Apple users with the older Intel version of Macs can still get the upgrade they will be missing out of several of the new features that depend on the Apple Silicon. 

New in macOS Monterey

One of the most interesting of the new features coming to the latest macOS is what Apple calls Universal Control, this new feature lets users use one single set of Keyboard,Mouse and/or trackpad across all your Mac and iPad devices. This is build over iCloud and allows to move the pointer from the screen of one device to another and also dragging and dropping files across your devices. 

macOS Montery Universal Control

Another new and interesting feature coming to the Mac is Shortcuts. The same app that allows users to automate and create a bunch of very interesting features into your iPhone and iPad. Now that Macs run on chips based on the same architecture Apple is bringing the comparatively easy to use app to the Mac replacing the Automator which was a bit of a hassle to use for a non tech person. 

Although the Automator app will still be supported for those who have created very complex workflows in it, but that we expect will only last till the Shortcuts app catches up. Apple also made it possible to import automator workflows to the Shortcuts app.

AirPlay to Mac in the macOS Monterey now makes it possible for iPhones and iPads to stream media to your iMac, Mac mini or Mac Pro using AirPlay. The feature wirelessly as well as over a USB connection. 

Safari Monterey

The new feature list also includes likes of a new and updated Safari with a UI refresh, Focus which allows users to focus on what’s important at the specific time, SharePlay allowing content sharing over video calls and conferences, Live Text to use the neural engine to make text from images interactive, newer and more detailed Map and more.

Eligible devices

The newer version of macOS usually drops out support for some of the older devices which do not have enough power to run the latest updates. As for macOS Monterey the list of devices eligible for the upgrade is as given below.

iMac – 2015 and later

iMac Pro – 2017 and later

MacBook Air – Early 2015 and later

MacBook Pro – Early 2015 and later

Mac Pro – Late 2013 and later

Mac mini – Late 2014 and later

MacBook – Early 2016 and later

Things to check before upgrading to macOS Monterey

Check if you have at least 15-20 GB of free storage before you upgrade to the latest and greatest.

Create a complete backup of your all your data as if the device encounters any issue during the installation all your data could be damaged.

Make sure you have a fast and stable internet connection and enough data to download the package.

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MacBook Pro

Apple releases M1 based MacBook Pros: The M1 is going Pro.

On 18th of October at its “Unleashed” event Apple released its most awaited product of the year the Apple silicon based MacBook Pro. The new MacBook Pro series comes with bigger so-called up versions of the M1 SoC which the company calls M1 Pro and the top of the line M1 Max. The notebook is available in 14-inch and 16-inch display variants and will be the biggest update to the MacBook in the past couple of years where Apple almost messed up the Pro workflow.

The new M1 Pro and M1 Max are beefed up versions of the already excellent M1 and do allow upto 10-core CPU and 32-Core GPU with upto 64 GB of unified memory.

New Silicon

The Cupertino giant revealed the plan to transition from Intel to its own custom in-house silicon in 2020. The M1 which was Apple’s first custom SoC in a Mac was ARM based hence provided huge performance improvements while still consuming a lot less power.

Today the iPhone maker announced the M1 Pro and the M1 Max which are further supposed to increase performance using more high performance cores. 

MacBook Pro M1 Pro Max

The M1 Pro as well as M1 Max have a total of 10 CPU cores of which 2 are high-efficiency and 2 high 8 high-performance. Both the SoCs have a 16 core neural engine. And while M1 Pro has a maximum of 16 core GPU with 32 GB of unified memory, the M1 Max has 32 Core GPU and upto 64GB of unified memory.

The marketing charts and numbers given by Apple show that the M1 Pro and M1 Max show upto 1.7 times more power while still using upto 70% less power. The M1 Pro’s GPU is 2 times faster than the M1 while the M1 Max is 4 times faster than the M1 in GPU performance. 


The MacBook Pro 2021 has a completely new display panel now with a notch for the camera and thinner bezels. The Display itself if a MiniLED panel giving out a 1000 nits of full screen brightness, 1600 nits of peak brightness and 10,00,000:1 contrast ratio. The display now also supports Apple’s ProMotion or adaptive refresh rate with upto 120Hz. The notch at the top of the screen hosts a new 1080p FaceTime camera but despite the massive size lacks other sensors required for FaceID. 

Apple MacBook Pro Connectivity 10182021 Self Driving

The display supports the complete P3 wide colour gamut, HDR, and XDR output. 


In 2016 Apple gave the MacBook Pro a major redesign making the device thin light and portable and in the process got rid of a lot of very important ports. This time around Apple went back and brought back the HDMI port and the SD card slot along with three USB-C thunderbolt 4 ports. Bringing a relief to the professionals as they no longer have to carry around weird dongles for basic functionality. 

Apple MacBook Pro Ports 10182021 Self Driving

Apple has also brought back the MagSafe magnetic connecter for charging the device. However users can still use the USB-C port for charging the device similar to current devices. 

Apple MacBook Pro MagSafe 10182021 Self Driving

A Lot More

Connectivity options on the MacBook Pro include Bluetooth v5.0 and WiFi 6. The User can also connect upto 3 Pro Display XDR and a 4K TV simultaneously to the M1 Max based devices and 2 Pro Display XDRs and a 4k TV to the M1 Pro

Apple MacBook Pro Connectivity 10182021 Self Driving

The 14” model now provides a 17 hour battery life while the 16” model boasts a massive 21 hour battery life. The company also claims that the device now uses a newer thermal system that can move upto 50% more air even at lower fan speeds. 

New speaker system on these MacBook Pro models include 6 speakers of which 2 are tweeters while other 4 are force-cancelling woofers.

Apple claims that using its new M1 Max chip, pros can edit up to 30 streams of 4K ProRes video or up to seven streams of 8K ProRes video in Final Cut Pro — more streams than on a 28-core Mac Pro with Afterburner.

Apple MacBook Pro 16 inch Workflow 10182021 Self Driving

Both M1 Pro and M1 are also paired with a 16-core Neural Engine that helps enhance machine learning capabilities on the new MacBook Pro models. As per some numbers shared publicly, the built-in Neural Engine delivers up to 8.7 times faster object tracking performance in Final Cut Pro with M1 Pro and up to 11.5 times faster with M1 Max. There is also up to 2.6 times faster performance when selecting subjects in images in Adobe Photoshop. 

The MacBook Pro 2021 will come preinstalled with the MacOS Monterey and the OS will also be available to older devices running the MacOS BigSur. The MacBook Pro with the M1 Pro and M1 Max are true Pro machines and do provide the power needed by the creative professionals claims Apple. 

macbook pro 2021 notch Self Driving


The pricing for the 14-inch Apple MacBook Pro (2021) starts at Rs. 1,94,900 and is also available for education at Rs. 1,75,410. The 16-inch Apple MacBook Pro (2021) model starts at Rs. 2,15,910 for education and Rs. 2,39,900 for regular customers.

In the US, the 14-inch Apple MacBook Pro (2021) starts at $1,999 (roughly Rs. 1,50,400), while the 16-inch version is priced at $2,499 (roughly Rs. 1,88,100).

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Apple Event iPhone

iPhone 13, Apple Watch Series 7, iPad, and iPad Mini: Everything new launched at the California Streaming Apple Event.

On Tuesday, September 14, Virtual Apple event in California unveiling the iPhone 13 series, the Apple Watch Series 7, new iPad, and iPad Mini. 

The iPhone 13

The new iPhone 13 series smartphones come with the new Apple A15 processor, a longer-lasting battery, camera improvements, and a massive 1 TB storage option on the Pro models. 

Apple iPhone 13 Pro New Camera System 09142021 Self Driving

The A15 processor which Apple claims is the “Fastest processor in any smartphone” will improve the iPhone 12 Series’ already great performance and will improve the machine learning abilities of the iPhone allowing it various advantages including real-time video analysis and providing video portrait mode and cinematic mode. 

The Pro lineup will also get 50% faster graphics, along with the Super Retina XDR display and Pro Motion to give a smoother and more immersive experience.

The lineup now also includes a longer-lasting battery giving a 1.5 hour longer life on the 13 Mini and 2.5hr longer life on the 6.1” iPhone. 

Apple iphone13 colors geo 09142021 Self Driving

Despite multiple rumors of an increase in the prices, Apple has managed to keep the price constant.

The smartphones will cost as follows:

iPhone 13 Pro Max -$1099 & (Rs. 1,29,900 in India)

iPhone 13 Pro -$999 & (Rs. 1,19,900 in India)

iPhone 13 -$799 & (Rs. 79,900 in India)

iPhone 13 mini -$699 & (Rs. 69900 in India)

The iPads

Apple at the September event surprisingly announced its new iPad and iPad mini. 

Apple iPad mini hero 09142021 Self Driving

The baseline iPad is powered by the Apple A13 chip making it 20% faster compared to the previous model. The update also brings a new 12MP ultrawide camera with Center Stage. 

The iPad mini now comes with the iPad Pro design language, with smaller bezels, rounded corners, and squared-off edges. The new iPad mini also gets new cameras, the Liquid Retina display, USB-C support, a magnetic connector for Apple Pencil, new and better speakers, and new colors.

Apple iPad 10 2 inch Ninth Gen 09142021 Self Driving

The iPad costs $329 (Rs 30,900 in India) for the 64GB storage option. The iPad mini starts at $429 (Rs 46900 in India ) with a similar 64GB storage option.

The Apple Watch

The company also unveiled its new Apple Watch Series 7 at this event. The Watch Series 7 is not much different functionally but does bring a ton of visual improvements. The watch now has a larger screen with smaller bezels. The edges according to Apple are now smoother and diffract light in a way that gives a more immersive experience using the watch. 

Apple watch series7 hero 09142021 Self Driving

The new display gives the user almost 20% more screen displaying 50% more text. The series 7 will also have a full keyboard allowing users to type by tapping the keys or by swipe.

The Series 7 starts at $399.

M2 MacBook Air design renders by Jon Prosser

The MacBook Air will be getting a crazy new design refresh in 2022.

Supply chain analysts, Ming-Chi Quo recently released a new analyst note suggesting that a new MacBook Air might be coming soon. Kuo’s note said that the new MacBook Air will be available in a new form factor and multiple colors he also suggested that this new redesign is to be expected in the mid 2022. These details provided by Kuo line up with details provided by Bloomberg’s Mark Gurman and the renders by Jon Prosser.

According to the note, The new MacBook Air will come with a “Brand new design” with a form factor that will line up with Apple’s squared sides and rounded corners design language. This MacBook will feature a flat top and bottom with flat sides. It will also come with a Mini-LED display supplied by Chinese manufacturer BOE and a faster new Apple Silicon Chip (the M2…maybe).

Kuo said he does not confirm if the current M1-based model will be discontinued after the new redesigned M2 MacBook Air hits the market. If the current model is discontinued that would mean the Upcoming model could come at the same $999 price tag if the M1 model continues it might get a price cut and the newer model could be a bit more expensive sitting at $1099-$1299.

Child Abuse Awareness

Apple now scans your device for child abusive material.

On 6th August, Apple revealed that it is now taking a stance against child abuse on its operating systems including iOS 15, macOS Monterey, iPadOS 15, and watchOS 8.

The anti CSAM features will be first appearing in three areas including Messages, iCloud, and Siri and Search.


The Messages app will now include tools that will warn children and their parents before sending and receiving sexually explicit images. If received such a message the child will be warned and the image blurred. The kid will be assured it is ok if they do not want to view the photo, and the parents of the child will be informed if the child chooses to see it. This is done using on-device intelligence hence making sure the user’s privacy is not violated. Similar protections are available if a kid attempts to send sexually explicit photos. The kid will be warned before the photo is sent, and the parents can receive a message if the child chooses to send it.

Siri and Search will now be able to guide and help children and parents stay safe online. The service will now also include more resources related to the matter. Users can now also ask Siri to help them report CSAM and they will be guided on filing a report.

Siri will also intervene when users try to perform a search related to CSAM, they will be informed that interest in the topic can be harmful and problematic, and provide resources to help with the issue.

iCloud and CSAM detection

The most prominent step in Apple’s stance is its CSAM detection system that will try matching your images against a list of knows CSAM image hashes provided by the US National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC) and other children’s safety organizations before an image is stored in iCloud.

child safety icloud

“Before an image is stored in iCloud Photos, an on-device matching process is performed for that image against the known CSAM hashes. This matching process is powered by a cryptographic technology called private set intersection, which determines if there is a match without revealing the result, The device creates a cryptographic safety voucher that encodes the match result along with additional encrypted data about the image. This voucher is uploaded to iCloud Photos along with the image.” Apple said.

“Using another technology called threshold secret sharing, the system ensures the contents of the safety vouchers cannot be interpreted by Apple unless the iCloud Photos account crosses a threshold of known CSAM content. The threshold is set to provide an extremely high level of accuracy and ensures less than a one in one trillion chance per year of incorrectly flagging a given account.”

Apple can not normally manually view the images until the image hash reaches a set threshold, when that happens Apple will manually look at the hash, vouchers, and all the metadata. If it is distinguished as CSAM Apple will disable the Account and a report will be sent to NCMEC.


Apple’s approach received criticism stating that the Cupertino giant is preparing to add a backdoor to its services. The fact that Apple can manually interpret the scanned images makes the feature controversial given that the company once declined the FBI when it was asked to create a backdoor for the FBI to access a terrorist’s iPhone.

Apple has some of the best privacy practices in the entire industry and we believe will not be using the technology to collect user data but for those that do not trust you can stop Apple from scanning your photos by not using iCloud Photos.

When will these features be implemented?

These new features are expected to go live with the release of Apple’s new iOS15, iPadOS15, macOS Monterey, and WatchOS later this year alongside Apple’s upcoming iPhone 13 and Macbook Pros.


Microsoft Announces Windows 365, A subscription based cloud PC to carry your windows wherever you go.

Microsoft today announced a new subscription based cloud service that lets you run Windows 11 on the cloud. This new service is built entirely for enterprise and will not be available for consumers. This service is similar to the Xbox Cloud Gaming service but built for productivity and business.

Now we would require a PC to run the Windows 365 so why use it? We’ll this allows users to store apps, files and documents making them available on any device, anywhere just the way they want it. It will be available on devices including Windows PC, Linux Machines, on tablets and even on Macs through the browser. The service takes advantage of Microsoft’s Azure Virtual PC.

The Windows 365 cloud PC can run all of the Microsoft 365 apps as well as any other app that can be installed on a regular Windows machine. 

Windows 365

“Windows 365 takes the operating system to the Microsoft Cloud, securely streaming the full Windows experience—including all your apps, data, and settings—to your personal or corporate devices. This approach creates a fully new personal computing category, specifically for the hybrid world: the Cloud PC.” said Wangui McKelvey, General Manager, Microsoft 365.

A major advantage of this type of solution is it makes the task to managing employee machines easier. This also lets employees work from home from the Windows they use for work. 

Windows 365 will be available from August 2, in two different versions, Enterprise and Business. The pricing for the subscription will be per user, per month based depending on the size of installation. 

OnePlus Nord 2

OnePlus Nord 2 5G spec revealed ahead of 22nd July launch.

OnePlus revealed that it will launch its Nord 2 5G smartphone in India on 22 July which will be a successor to the company’s Nord which launched in July last year and was a hit.

Through Twitter, OnePlus has shared that the Nord 2 5G will feature the MediaTek Dimensity 1200 AI SoC.

OnePlus also tweeted that the device will have a 6.43 inch AMOLED display with a 90hz refresh rate and HDR10+ support. The previous Nord features a 6.44-inch AMOLED display with a 90Hz refresh rate but no HDR10+ certification. Renders show that the device will host a punch-hole design

As per the leaks, the Nord 2 5G will have a 50MP Sony IMX766 primary sensor, 8MP ultrawide, and a 2MP depth sensor. A 32 MP selfie camera and a 4200 mAh of battery capacity with up to 30W of fast charging.

Amazon has already listed the OnePlus Nord 2, saying that the phone will come with the typical OnePlus orientation for the buttons with a power button and an alert slider on the right side of the phone, and a volume rocker on the left. A speaker cutout at the bottom next to the USB Type-C port is present. A speaker grill can be seen above the display as well. At ₹29,999 the device is expected to be priced slightly higher than its predecessor. It will be available to buy on 22nd July after its official launch


Google Pixel 6 series specs leaks, best Pixel yet?

Google Pixel 6 series is reportedly coming out this fall. The latest from Google will be two new models for the Pixel lineup, the Pixel 6 and Pixel 6 Pro. Google has dropped the XL branding for its more expensive smartphone and opted to go with the Pro moniker. 

Famous tipster John Prosser recently released the specifications for this very smartphones models. Revealing that the upcoming Google smartphones would have 5G, WiFi 6E, come with a custom Google Silicon which internally is called the Whitechapel SoC, and come with a 5 years of Android software update. 

Google Pixel 6 (Codename: Oriel)

Google Pixel 6
  • Screen size: 6.4″
  • Display: AMOLED
  • Rear camera setup: 50MP (Wide) + 12MP (Ultra wide)
  • Front camera: 8MP
  • Battery: 4614mAh
  • Processor: Google
  • Ram: 8GB
  • Storage: 128GB / 256GB
  • OS: Android 12

Google Pixel 6 Pro (Codename: Raven)

Google Pixel 6 Pro
  • Screen size: 6.71″
  • Display: Plastic OLED
  • Rear camera setup: 50MP (Wide) + 48MP (Tele) + 12MP (Ultra wide)
  • Front camera: 12MP
  • Battery: 5000mAh
  • Processor: Google
  • Ram: 12GB
  • Storage: 128GB / 256GB / 512GB
  • OS: Android 12

With previously leaked images and now all of the specifications we know almost everything about the upcoming smartphone.  These specs show that Google would market these as premium smartphones unlike its predecessors which were midrange devices. The five year software update commitment from Google definitely will get fans excited. This will be the first time for an Android smartphone to get software updates for so long. 

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