macOS Monterey-title

MacOS Monterey is live: Find out what’s new and is your Mac eligible for the upgrade.

Unveiled at the World Wide Developer’s Conference, Apple’s macOS Monterey the latest version of the beautifully built operating system for the company’s laptops and desktops is rolling out for supported Mac devices. The new system brings around several changes and also drops support for a few of the older devices. Although Apple users with the older Intel version of Macs can still get the upgrade they will be missing out of several of the new features that depend on the Apple Silicon. 

New in macOS Monterey

One of the most interesting of the new features coming to the latest macOS is what Apple calls Universal Control, this new feature lets users use one single set of Keyboard,Mouse and/or trackpad across all your Mac and iPad devices. This is build over iCloud and allows to move the pointer from the screen of one device to another and also dragging and dropping files across your devices. 

macOS Montery Universal Control

Another new and interesting feature coming to the Mac is Shortcuts. The same app that allows users to automate and create a bunch of very interesting features into your iPhone and iPad. Now that Macs run on chips based on the same architecture Apple is bringing the comparatively easy to use app to the Mac replacing the Automator which was a bit of a hassle to use for a non tech person. 

Although the Automator app will still be supported for those who have created very complex workflows in it, but that we expect will only last till the Shortcuts app catches up. Apple also made it possible to import automator workflows to the Shortcuts app.

AirPlay to Mac in the macOS Monterey now makes it possible for iPhones and iPads to stream media to your iMac, Mac mini or Mac Pro using AirPlay. The feature wirelessly as well as over a USB connection. 

Safari Monterey

The new feature list also includes likes of a new and updated Safari with a UI refresh, Focus which allows users to focus on what’s important at the specific time, SharePlay allowing content sharing over video calls and conferences, Live Text to use the neural engine to make text from images interactive, newer and more detailed Map and more.

Eligible devices

The newer version of macOS usually drops out support for some of the older devices which do not have enough power to run the latest updates. As for macOS Monterey the list of devices eligible for the upgrade is as given below.

iMac – 2015 and later

iMac Pro – 2017 and later

MacBook Air – Early 2015 and later

MacBook Pro – Early 2015 and later

Mac Pro – Late 2013 and later

Mac mini – Late 2014 and later

MacBook – Early 2016 and later

Things to check before upgrading to macOS Monterey

Check if you have at least 15-20 GB of free storage before you upgrade to the latest and greatest.

Create a complete backup of your all your data as if the device encounters any issue during the installation all your data could be damaged.

Make sure you have a fast and stable internet connection and enough data to download the package.

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MacBook Pro

Apple releases M1 based MacBook Pros: The M1 is going Pro.

On 18th of October at its “Unleashed” event Apple released its most awaited product of the year the Apple silicon based MacBook Pro. The new MacBook Pro series comes with bigger so-called up versions of the M1 SoC which the company calls M1 Pro and the top of the line M1 Max. The notebook is available in 14-inch and 16-inch display variants and will be the biggest update to the MacBook in the past couple of years where Apple almost messed up the Pro workflow.

The new M1 Pro and M1 Max are beefed up versions of the already excellent M1 and do allow upto 10-core CPU and 32-Core GPU with upto 64 GB of unified memory.

New Silicon

The Cupertino giant revealed the plan to transition from Intel to its own custom in-house silicon in 2020. The M1 which was Apple’s first custom SoC in a Mac was ARM based hence provided huge performance improvements while still consuming a lot less power.

Today the iPhone maker announced the M1 Pro and the M1 Max which are further supposed to increase performance using more high performance cores. 

MacBook Pro M1 Pro Max

The M1 Pro as well as M1 Max have a total of 10 CPU cores of which 2 are high-efficiency and 2 high 8 high-performance. Both the SoCs have a 16 core neural engine. And while M1 Pro has a maximum of 16 core GPU with 32 GB of unified memory, the M1 Max has 32 Core GPU and upto 64GB of unified memory.

The marketing charts and numbers given by Apple show that the M1 Pro and M1 Max show upto 1.7 times more power while still using upto 70% less power. The M1 Pro’s GPU is 2 times faster than the M1 while the M1 Max is 4 times faster than the M1 in GPU performance. 


The MacBook Pro 2021 has a completely new display panel now with a notch for the camera and thinner bezels. The Display itself if a MiniLED panel giving out a 1000 nits of full screen brightness, 1600 nits of peak brightness and 10,00,000:1 contrast ratio. The display now also supports Apple’s ProMotion or adaptive refresh rate with upto 120Hz. The notch at the top of the screen hosts a new 1080p FaceTime camera but despite the massive size lacks other sensors required for FaceID. 

Apple MacBook Pro Connectivity 10182021 macOS Monterey

The display supports the complete P3 wide colour gamut, HDR, and XDR output. 


In 2016 Apple gave the MacBook Pro a major redesign making the device thin light and portable and in the process got rid of a lot of very important ports. This time around Apple went back and brought back the HDMI port and the SD card slot along with three USB-C thunderbolt 4 ports. Bringing a relief to the professionals as they no longer have to carry around weird dongles for basic functionality. 

Apple MacBook Pro Ports 10182021 macOS Monterey

Apple has also brought back the MagSafe magnetic connecter for charging the device. However users can still use the USB-C port for charging the device similar to current devices. 

Apple MacBook Pro MagSafe 10182021 macOS Monterey

A Lot More

Connectivity options on the MacBook Pro include Bluetooth v5.0 and WiFi 6. The User can also connect upto 3 Pro Display XDR and a 4K TV simultaneously to the M1 Max based devices and 2 Pro Display XDRs and a 4k TV to the M1 Pro

Apple MacBook Pro Connectivity 10182021 macOS Monterey

The 14” model now provides a 17 hour battery life while the 16” model boasts a massive 21 hour battery life. The company also claims that the device now uses a newer thermal system that can move upto 50% more air even at lower fan speeds. 

New speaker system on these MacBook Pro models include 6 speakers of which 2 are tweeters while other 4 are force-cancelling woofers.

Apple claims that using its new M1 Max chip, pros can edit up to 30 streams of 4K ProRes video or up to seven streams of 8K ProRes video in Final Cut Pro — more streams than on a 28-core Mac Pro with Afterburner.

Apple MacBook Pro 16 inch Workflow 10182021 macOS Monterey

Both M1 Pro and M1 are also paired with a 16-core Neural Engine that helps enhance machine learning capabilities on the new MacBook Pro models. As per some numbers shared publicly, the built-in Neural Engine delivers up to 8.7 times faster object tracking performance in Final Cut Pro with M1 Pro and up to 11.5 times faster with M1 Max. There is also up to 2.6 times faster performance when selecting subjects in images in Adobe Photoshop. 

The MacBook Pro 2021 will come preinstalled with the MacOS Monterey and the OS will also be available to older devices running the MacOS BigSur. The MacBook Pro with the M1 Pro and M1 Max are true Pro machines and do provide the power needed by the creative professionals claims Apple. 

macbook pro 2021 notch macOS Monterey


The pricing for the 14-inch Apple MacBook Pro (2021) starts at Rs. 1,94,900 and is also available for education at Rs. 1,75,410. The 16-inch Apple MacBook Pro (2021) model starts at Rs. 2,15,910 for education and Rs. 2,39,900 for regular customers.

In the US, the 14-inch Apple MacBook Pro (2021) starts at $1,999 (roughly Rs. 1,50,400), while the 16-inch version is priced at $2,499 (roughly Rs. 1,88,100).

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Laptop Webcams are bad

Why Laptop Webcams are bad? | “They Suck”

Webcams are bad or are They? Actually they suck!

So Our assumption here was that laptop makers figured webcam, that’s an easy place to cut costs, but as it turns out that is only a small piece of the puzzle.

we got to come to this, although we’ve been one of the most vocal reviewers trying to get decent webcams into laptops, we expect that you’re just going to use your phone quality becomes much better in phones. The webcam falls considerably short of the surface laptop.

But first, to understand what makes a camera bad, we have to talk about what makes one good, starting with the sensor, this Sony FS6 features an enormous 35-millimetre wide full-frame sensor. And when it comes to cameras, size matters.

All other things being equal, the bigger the sensor, the lighter, it can collect on each pixel improving colour fidelity, and greatly improving performance in low light conditions. So problem number one is that due to space constraints webcams views, smooth purse small sensors, typically in the range of about two to five millimetres wide. As pressure from consumers, and reviewers mounted for the bezels on laptops to shrink. So did the webcams shrink.

we mean we were stoked when Dell announced refreshed XPS models with top-mounted webcams that didn’t look up the user’s nose, and we do still think that was a worthwhile trade-off but the results are not incredible, but this shrinking the bezel really make that much of a difference. Yes, actually, let me tell you. In the dragonfly max, HP actually increased the bezel size compared to the last model to accommodate a 3.63 millimetres

Now, that’s still only 2% of the size of the FS6 we just showed you, but it’s also a whopping five times the size of the 2.2-millimetre sensor in the skinny bezel. Dell’s this bigger sensor also allows more pixels to be packed in for 1440p recording, which delivers a noticeable improvement in sharpness, compared to your typical 720p webcam.

Another problem for laptop webcams is Windows Hello facial recognition. It is the best way to Sign-in in to Windows, hands down, but because lighting conditions might be dramatically different from one sign in to the next. It relies on built-in emitters that will illuminate your face using infrared light. Now, digital cameras are inherently sensitive to infrared, but most of them actually block it out on purpose because it causes issues with both autofocus and colour saturation. That’s why, earlier implementations of Windows Hello used a separate camera, dedicated to capturing IR. But then, in that same mad rush to shrink bezels. These have been combined n some models, and in spite of the software tuning that goes into these combined sensors, you can still get purple splotchiness and weird noise on the dragonfly max then HP decided combined sensors were a pain in the butt, they didn’t want to deal with. So they included a separate IR and video camera to get to the cleanest feed possible.

Well of course you can have the biggest and badest sensor in the world and if the glass in front of it is bad. Your picture quality is going to be bad. One of the roles that the lens plays than is to ensure that that tiny sensor gets as much light hitting it as possible. Now the aperture of a camera or, more accurately, a lens describes how big of an opening you have. So the bigger the opening, the more light you can get and since we already have problems with low light on such small sensors. Well then, we should make the aperture on the lens for your webcam as wide open as possible. Right? Well, yes, but also know the size of your aperture not only changes how much light is led in but also the depth of field So if we were to really open up the lens on the laptop, it would need to have exceptional autofocus to make sure that you don’t belong, blurry. Every time you shift around in your seat. Now, there are many ways to do autofocus, probably the best way is demonstrated in Sony’s Alpha lineup.

It uses parts of the sensor to detect the face of the incoming light and uses that to focus. Modern phones use similar tech, probably at least partly because Sony also supplies the sensors for Apple and Samsung with these super small microelectromechanical systems or memes that can super accurately focus the lenses.

As for how laptop webcams focus. Well, they don’t. There simply isn’t enough space. Like, think about the thickness of your phone. The laptop didn’t have that, then the cabling from the webcam, microphone, and Wi-Fi encounters that are usually back there, and you don’t have the space that you would need for multi-element lenses. So just a single focus point has to be picked. And that’s what you’re stuck with. Of course, you can get away with mediocre video just fine. If your audio quality is good. Now simple laptop microphones have one or sometimes two little holes, usually near the screen to capture your voice while better ones can use more.

So then, the bad news is that there are serious constraints to improving webcam quality in laptops. But the good news is that they can get better and some laptop manufacturers are beginning to take the problem seriously.

credit: Linus Tech Tips